Maximum Cost of Medicare Part B

What is the Maximum Cost of Medicare Part B

Medicare Part B is medical insurance that covers services like doctor visits, preventive care, ambulances, and more. Medicare Part B has premiums, deductibles, and coinsurance that beneficiaries must pay. Understanding the costs of Medicare Part B can help you budget for healthcare as you get older.

Medicare Part B Premiums

Medicare Part B is optional medical insurance that covers medically necessary healthcare services like doctor visits, preventive services, durable medical equipment, lab tests, x-rays, ambulance transportation, mental health services, and more.

Most people pay a monthly premium for Medicare Part B. In 2023, the standard premium is $164.90 per month. Higher earners pay more.

Medicare Part B also has an annual deductible of $226 in 2023. After you meet the deductible, you typically pay 20% coinsurance for Part B services.

Some preventive services like cancer screenings and annual wellness visits are covered at no cost under Part B.

2023 Medicare Part B Premiums

Here are the 2023 premium amounts for Medicare Part B:

  • $164.90 per month for individuals with incomes below $97,000
  • $238.10 per month for incomes from $97,001-$123,000
  • $340.20 per month for incomes from $123,001-$153,000
  • $442.30 per month for incomes from $153,001-$183,000
  • $544.30 per month for incomes above $183,000

Premiums are based on your modified adjusted gross income from your 2021 tax return. Higher earners pay more for Part B.

Medicare Part B Coinsurance and Out-of-Pocket Costs

In addition to premiums, Medicare Part B has other out-of-pocket costs including an annual deductible and coinsurance.

Medicare Part B Coinsurance

Once you meet the $226 deductible, you typically pay 20% coinsurance for Medicare-covered Part B services. Coinsurance is your share of the cost.

For example, say a doctor visit costs $100. You would pay $20 coinsurance and Medicare would cover the remaining $80. The coinsurance percentage stays the same no matter the cost.

Some preventive services have 0% coinsurance. You also pay no coinsurance for a limited number of screening tests like mammograms.

Medicare Part B Out-of-Pocket Costs

There is no annual out-of-pocket maximum for Original Medicare Part B. Your costs depend on the services you use.

You are responsible for 100% of costs above Medicare-approved amounts. Doctors who don’t accept Medicare assignment can charge up to 15% extra.

Medicare Advantage and Medicare Part B

You can get your Part B benefits through private Medicare Advantage Plans rather than Original Medicare. Here is how that impacts costs.

Medicare Advantage Premiums

Medicare Advantage Plans charge a monthly premium in addition to your Part B premium. In 2023, the average Medicare Advantage premium is around $20 per month.

Plans with more benefits may charge higher premiums. Preferred Provider Organization (PPO) plans tend to have the highest premiums.

Medicare Advantage Plan and Medicare Part B

With Medicare Advantage, you still pay your Part B premium. You also pay the Medicare Advantage Plan premium plus any deductibles, copays and coinsurance under your plan.

Cost sharing in Medicare Advantage depends on the plan. Many plans have an annual out-of-pocket maximum that limits your costs for covered services.

Original Medicare vs Medicare Advantage

Your total Medicare costs may be higher or lower with a Medicare Advantage Plan compared to Original Medicare. It depends on your healthcare needs and plan coverage.

Original Medicare does not limit out-of-pocket costs so they could be very high if you use many services. Medicare Advantage Plans cap your costs.

Medicare Supplement and Medicare Part B

You can pair Original Medicare with a Medigap or Medicare Supplement Insurance plan to help pay your out-of-pocket costs.

Medicare Supplement and Medicare Part B Coverage

Medicare Supplement Insurance pays for costs left over after Medicare pays, including:

  • Medicare Part A and Part B deductibles
  • Medicare Part B excess charges
  • Part B coinsurance

Plans cover these costs up to set limits so your out-of-pocket costs are more predictable.

Medicare Supplement vs Medicare Advantage

Medicare Supplement Plans work alongside Original Medicare. Medicare Advantage Plans replace Original Medicare.

Which offers better value depends on your healthcare needs and plan options available in your area. Compare costs carefully.

Applying for Medicare Part B

You can sign up for Medicare Part B during your Initial Enrollment Period when you first become eligible for Medicare:

  • If you already get Social Security, you are automatically enrolled in Part B
  • If you are not on Social Security, you need to actively enroll in Part B

After your Initial Enrollment Period, you may have to pay a late enrollment penalty if you sign up after you were first eligible.

How Much Does Medicare Part B Cover

Medicare Part B covers a wide range of medically necessary healthcare services. However, you will still have out-of-pocket costs.

Medicare Part B Covered Services

Here are some of the main types of healthcare services covered under Medicare Part B:

  • Doctor visits including annual wellness exams
  • Outpatient hospital services like same-day surgery
  • Ambulance transportation
  • Durable medical equipment like wheelchairs and walkers
  • Lab tests, x-rays, MRIs, CT scans
  • Physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy
  • Preventive services like cancer screenings and vaccines
  • Mental health services like therapy and counseling

Medicare Part B covers 80% of approved amounts after you meet the deductible. You pay the remaining 20% coinsurance.

Cost Sharing and Medicare Part B

You are responsible for certain out-of-pocket costs under Original Medicare Part B. These include:

Medicare Part B Cost Sharing

  • Monthly premiums ($164.90 per month in 2023 for most people)
  • Annual deductible ($226 in 2023)
  • 20% coinsurance for most services after the deductible
  • Charges above Medicare-approved amounts
  • An additional 15% of costs for doctors who opt-out of Medicare

There is no yearly limit on your out-of-pocket costs with Original Medicare. Supplemental insurance can help cover cost sharing.

Getting Help with Medicare Part B Costs

If you have limited income and resources, there are programs that provide help with Medicare costs.

Low-Income Subsidies and Medicare Part B

Medicare Savings Programs help pay for Part B premiums. Extra Help can cover Part B deductibles, coinsurance and copays if you have a Medicare drug plan.

State Assistance Programs for Medicare Part B

Medicaid and Medicare Savings Programs can help certain low-income seniors pay Medicare premiums, deductibles, copays and coinsurance. Availability of these programs depends on the state.


What is the maximum cost of Medicare Part B in 2023?

The maximum cost of Medicare Part B in 2023 is $170.10 per month.

What is Part C or Medicare Advantage Plan?

 Part C, also known as Medicare Advantage, is an alternative to Original Medicare offered by private insurance companies. It provides the same benefits as Part A and Part B, and often includes additional benefits like prescription drug coverage.

What is Original Medicare Plan?

 Original Medicare refers to the traditional fee-for-service program comprised of Part A (hospital insurance) and Part B (medical insurance). It is provided by the federal government.

How much does 2023 Medicare coverage cost?

 The cost of Medicare coverage depends on a few factors, such as your income and the specific Medicare Plan you choose. Generally, most individuals do not pay a premium for Part A if they or their spouse have paid Medicare taxes for a certain period of time. The Part B monthly premium for 2023 is $170.10, but it can vary depending on your income.

What does Medicare coverage include?

Medicare coverage includes hospital insurance (Part A), medical insurance (Part B), and prescription drug coverage (Part D). It may also include additional benefits if you choose a Medicare Advantage Plan (Part C).

Can I sign up for Part B if I am covered by Medicare?

 If you have Medicare coverage through premium-free Part A and wish to have Part B as well, you can sign up for Part B when you’re first eligible. However, please note that depending on your circumstances, such as whether you’re receiving retirement benefits, you may be automatically enrolled in Part B.

What happens if I don’t sign up for Part B?

 If you’re eligible for Part B but don’t sign up during your initial enrollment period, you may face a late enrollment penalty. It’s important to carefully consider your options and make an informed decision about when to enroll.

What is the out-of-pocket cost for Medicare?

 The out-of-pocket costs for Medicare premium vary depending on the specific services or coverage you receive. It is important to review the details of your Medicare Plan to understand what costs you may be responsible for.

How do I sign up for Medicare Part D Plans?

 To sign up for Medicare Part D Plans, which provide prescription drug coverage, you can review the available plans in your area and choose one that meets your needs. You can enroll during your initial enrollment period when you become eligible for Medicare, or during the annual open enrollment period.

What types of healthcare expenses are covered by Medicare?

 Original Medicare (Parts A and B) covers a wide range of healthcare expenses, including hospital stays, doctor visits, preventive care, and certain medical supplies. However, it’s important to note that Medicare may not cover all expenses, and you may be responsible for deductibles, copayments, and coinsurance.

The maximum costs for Medicare Part B depend on what healthcare services you use during the year. Monthly premiums, annual deductibles, and 20% coinsurance apply to most services. Those with higher incomes pay more for monthly Part B premiums. Help is available for beneficiaries with limited means. Understanding Medicare Part B costs allows you to budget appropriately.

We’re Here to Help

You do not have to spend hours reading articles on the internet to get answers to your Medicare questions. Give the licensed insurance agents at Manatee Insurance Solutions a Call at (352) 221-3779. You will get the answers you seek in a matter of minutes, with no pressure and no sales pitch. We are truly here to help.